[Mission 2023] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY 22 September 2022 – INSIGHTSIAS – Insights IAS

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InstaLinks :  help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically
 
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 1:
1. New trends in work culture
 
GS Paper 2:
1. A risky new status quo
2. Rules for identifying criminals
3. More teeth and bigger muscles
 
GS Paper3:
1. What ails the current approach to Ayurveda
2. AI in Eduction: State of education report for India 2022
 
Facts for Prelims:
1. Nizam’s sword
2. Nutrition rating stars
3. Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
4. Karnataka Assembly passes anti-conversion Bill
5. Will EWS quota cut share of pie of those competing on merit
6. “Not so coupled” nature of Indian Economy
7. PLI Scheme for Solar Cell Manufacturing
8. Dharamshala Declaration
9. Green Events Tool (GET)
10. Bio-decomposer Capsules
11. Hybrid Propulsion System
12. eSIMs
13. Naxalism
 
Syllabus: Society/ Social Justice/ Ethics
 
Direction: The terms given in this article have continuously been in news. Try to understand them. These can be useful in society GS1, Social Justice GS2 and Ethics papers.
 Context:  In contemporary times, work, job, or labour have taken different forms giving rise to new terminologies, issues, challenges and sometimes debate.
 What is Work Culture?
Attitudes, beliefs and behaviours that make up the regular atmosphere in a work environment are what we all know as work culture.
Quiet Quitting:
Quiet quitting refers to employees doing the bare minimum required of them.
 
Reasons for quiet quitting:
 
Moonlighting:
Moonlighting is the act of working at an extra job beyond regular working hours, usually without the knowledge of the employer. Since the side job was mostly at night time or on weekends, it was referred to as moonlighting.
 
Why do people moonlight?
Why are employers not happy?
 
 
’18 hours work’ debate and hustle culture
 
Hustle culture is defined as one that encourages employees to work more than normal working hours.
 
A LinkedIn post by the CEO of a company advising youngsters to work 18 hours a day, at least for four to five years initially in their career, faced a backlash and was ridiculed.
 
What does WHO study on long working hours say?
 
Why is it important to have a work-life balance?
Siddhartha S, an author of 5 books — ’60 Keys to Success with NLP’, ‘Thank God it’s Monday’, and many others suggest:
 
Mains Link:
Q. Do you think rejecting hustle culture youngsters or going for moonlighting is rejecting the idea of work is worship embedded in Indian Culture? Discuss. 10M
Syllabus: Bilateral, regional and global groupings involving India and affecting India’s interests etc
 
Directions: This is from an editorial piece.
Source: The Hindu
 
Context:

 
Issues associated with buffer zone creation:
 
Issues still persisting between India and China :
 
Strategic implications for India:
 
Conclusion:
 
Insta Links:
India-China relations
 
Mains Links:
Q. China is using its economic relation and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia” In the light of this statement. Discuss its impact on India as her neighbour. (UPSC 2017)
 
Prelims Links:
Which of the following is the correct arrangement of points on LAC from North to South?
a. Karakoram pass-Galway valley-Hot Spring-Daulat Beg Oldi
b. Hot spring-Karakoram pass-Galwan Valley-Daulat Beg Oldi
c. Karakoram pass-Daulat Beg Oldi-Galwan valley-Hot Spring
d. Daulat Beg Oldi-Karakoram pass-Galwan valley-Hot spring
Ans: (c)
Justification:
Refer to the image above
Syllabus: Parliament and state legislature-Structure, functioning and conduct of business, Role of different constitutional and non-constitutional bodies etc
 
Directions: A similar post on the same issue was made two days back in fact for prelims ( MHA notification of Convicts Biometrics). This is in continuation of that and will be the revision.
Source: The Hindu
 
Context:
 
What is the legislation about? (Repealed the Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920)
 
Concerns about the Act:
Repository of the data:
Provisions for the destruction of records in case a suspect is acquitted (Yet to be specified by the NCRB):
 
Insta Links:
The Criminal Procedure (Identification) Act, 2022
 
Mains Links:
Q. Discuss different types of Cyber crimes and measures required to be taken to fight the menace. (UPSC 2020)
 
Prelims Links:
The Criminal Procedure (Identification) Act, 2022
NCRB
Which of the following is/are measurements for identification included in The Criminal Procedure (Identification) Act, 2022?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
Ans: (d)
Justification:
Refer to the article above
Syllabus: Statutory, regulatory and various constitutional bodies etc
 
Directions: ED and NIA have off late been in News often for various reasons.
Source: Indian Express
 
Context:
 
Analysis of Powers with ED:
 
Powers through various amendments:
 
Issues with the PMLA:
 
Insta Links:
PMLA
ED
 
Mains Links:
Q. India’s proximity to two of the world’s biggest illicit opium-growing states has enhanced her internal security concerns. Explain the linkages between drug trafficking and other illicit activities such as gunrunning, money laundering and human trafficking. What counter-measures should be taken to prevent the same? (UPSC 2018)
 
Prelims Links:
 
Q. With reference to the Directorate of Enforcement (ED), consider the following statements:
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: (a)
Justification:
Syllabus: Basic Science/ Social Justice- Health
 
Source: The Hindu 
Direction: It came in the opinion section of the Hindu. Go through it once.
 
Context: The article discusses a few challenges to Ayurveda in the present context.
What is Ayurveda?
Ayurveda is an alternative medicine system with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. It is based on the idea that disease is caused by an imbalance or stress in a person’s consciousness.
 
Significance Of Ayurveda
 
Challenges:
What needs to be done?
 
Government Steps:
Conclusion:
As a medical system, Ayurveda is valuable immensely for its observations, only marginally for its theories, and not at all for its speculations. The sooner there is reform and updation of theories as per modern science the better people will be benefited from it.
Related fact:
Bhore Committee was set up by the Government of India in 1943 under Sir Joseph William Bhore to survey the existing position regarding the health conditions and health organisations in India.
Insta Links
Ayurveda in Surgery
 
Mains Links
Adaptation of Ayurveda for current use comes with its challenges which need to be acknowledged and resolved. Discuss. (250 Words)
Syllabus: Science and Technology/ Governance/Social Justice/ Indian Society
 
Source: UNESCO
Context: UNESCO has released the State of education report for India 2022: Artificial Intelligence (AI) in education
 
Findings:
 
India should:
 
Issues:
 
Government steps:
 
Conclusion: 
Government should consider AI with the aim of 5 ‘I’s that stand for Inclusiveness, Indigenization, Innovation, Investment in infrastructure & International cooperation.
 
About the report:
It is the 4th edition of the annual report of UNESCO with the aim of increasing the application of AI in education in India.
About UNESCO
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  (founded in 1945, Hq: Paris) is a specialised agency of the United Nations aimed at promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, arts, sciences and culture.
 
Insta Links
AI and Robotics
 
Mains Links
AI can be connected with GS1 (society), GS2, and GS3 as well as in ethics. Do related various dimensions of AI and the issues concerned.
As with most technologies, there will be positive and negative impacts on society as artificial intelligence continues to transform the world that we live in. Examine. (15M)
 
Prelims links
Q.With the present state of development, Artificial Intelligence can effectively do which of the following? (UPSC 2020)
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 4 and 5 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Answer: D
 
Consider the following pairs: (2018)
Terms sometimes                         Context/Topic
seen in news
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer: B
 
Source: The Hindu 
Context: A 14th-century ceremonial sword that was sold in Hyderabad to a British General in the early 20th century is set to return to India.
The sword, shaped like a snake, has serrated edges and a damascene pattern, with gold etchings of an elephant and tigers.
According to the museum documentation, the sword was “exhibited by Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI, Nizam of Hyderabad (1896-1911) at the 1903 Delhi or Imperial Durbar, a ceremonial reception held to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra as Emperor and Empress of India.” 

 
Context: The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), has released a draft notification for front-of-pack labelling to discourage consumers from buying packaged food high in sugar, salt, and fat, which will require pre-packaged food to carry a star graphic — ranging for 0 to 5 — next to the brand name.
Like the star-rating system for energy efficiency of electronic products, the ‘Indian Nutrition Rating (INR)’ will see the unhealthiest food items carry a 0-star rating and the healthiest carry a 5-star rating.
To generate the star-rating logo for the product, food businesses have to submit nutritional profiles of the products concerned on FSSAI’s FoSCoS (Food Safety Compliance System) portal.
 
 
Source: The Hindu
 Direction: Learn the basics of ECCE and some of the programmes for it.
 Context: Government expenditure on early childhood education a mere 0.1% of GDP: report by Centre for budget and governance and Save the Children
Findings:
Meaning of ECCE:
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in the Indian context is generally defined as the care and education of children from birth to eight years. It includes Early stimulation programmes through crèches/homes stimulation for 0-3-year-olds.
Government steps:

 
 Source: The Hindu, Economic Times
Context:
 Key Highlights:
 Other states which have passed such laws:
Constitutional safeguards:
 
 Directions: Continuation of previous articles on EWS
Source: The Hindu
Context:

Key Highlights of SC observations:
 Government:
Cut from remaining 50%: Center submitted that the EWS quota was not an “addition” to the 50% caste-based quota already available to backward classes
   
Source: Business-Standards
 Context: Global rating agency S&P said that even though the US and the Eurozone are headed to recession, India is unlikely to face the impact given the “not so coupled” nature of its economy with the global economy.
Indian economy is not fully integrated into the world economy due to partial capital account convertibility, managed currency rate and trade restrictions.
Advantages of the Indian Economy
 
 
Source: The Hindu, Economic Times
Context: The Union Cabinet on Wednesday cleared a ₹19,500-crore scheme to incentivise the manufacturing of domestic solar cell modules to reduce the industry’s reliance on China-made panels.
Nodal body: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Benefits:
 
About PLI Scheme:
Related news:
Modifications in “Programme for Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystem in India: The Union Cabinet has approved a uniform incentive of 50% of the project cost for setting up semiconductor, display and compound semiconductor fabrication units.
Source: Hindustan Times
Direction: Remember that “Dharmshala Declaration: India wants to be the global leader in tourism by 2047”
Context: At the National Conference of State Tourism Minister, the “Dharamshala Declaration” was adopted for developing “sustainable and responsible tourism” and positions India as a “global leader in the tourism sector by 2047”.
 
Status:
Government steps:

 
 
 Source: UNEP 
Direction: There are so many such tools. Not all are important. This one you can remember by focusing on the keyword ‘Event’ in “Green Events Tool”.  ‘event’ stand for reducing carbon footprint in events.
 Context: UNFCC, UNEP and Gulf organization for research and Development (GORD) has unveiled GET with the aim to encourage actions to reduce the negative impacts of various events on climate.

 
Source: Economic Times
 Direction: Indirect Qn on Stubble burning, its impact (e.g. smog was asked this year in mains) and policies related to it have been asked in UPSC several times.
 Context: Delhi government will spare bio-decomposer capsules to curb stubble burning.
About the Capsules
About Stubble Burning:
Stubble burning is a process of setting on fire the straw stubble, left after the harvesting of grains, like paddy, wheat, etc.
Why?
Farmers in the Indo-Gangetic plain do it as they get a very short time between the harvesting of rice and the sowing of wheat.
 Impact?
Stubble burning causes- loss of nutrients and micro-organisms in the soil. toxic pollutants to be released into the atmosphere.
Government steps:

 
Source: Live Mint
Direction: Know the basics of the Propulsion system
 Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully tested a hybrid motor, which will pave way for a new propulsion system for the upcoming launch vehicles.
About the system:
 
  
Context: eSIMs have come again in the news as the new Apple iPhone 14 will be completely dependent on eSIMS in the US.
An eSIM is an embedded SIM, essentially the same hardware as a regular SIM card chip, but now a permanently embedded part of the motherboard of a watch or smartphone.
eSIMs were first established a decade ago in 2012, but despite their futuristic use-cases, have not completely made physical SIMs obsolete yet.
Advantages of eSIMs
Disadvantages of eSIMs
 
  
Source: The Hindu
 Context: Hotbeds of left-wing extremism have been cleared in the Bihar States and greatly reduced in Jharkhand using Operations Octopus, Double Bull, Thunderstorm and Chakarbandha.
Who are Naxalites?
 Naxalites are a group of far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology. Their origin can be traced to the splitting in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist).
Current status:
 Government policy:

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